– Ogunrinola Isaiah
One of the greatest inventions in World’s history is the invention of Airplane by Two Brothers from a certain Town in the United States called Dayton, Ohio. They are the Wright Brothers whose names are Orville and Wilbur. The Wright Brothers also known as Bishop’s Boys achieved the first powered, sustained, and controlled flight of an airplane on the morning of December 17, 1903. In the two years afterward, they developed their flying machine into the world’s first practical fixed-wing aircraft, along with many other aviation milestones. Their Idea of inventing a Airplane came from a Helicopter toy given to them by their Father Milton in 1878 when Wilbur was 11 and Orville was 7. The toy was based on an invention by Alphonse Pénaud and was made of paper, bamboo and cork with a rubber band to twirl the motor. The brothers later said this toy was the beginning of an obsession with flying machines.
Orville and Wilbur
In 1889, Orville and Wilbur started a newspaper printing business. In 1892 they opened up a bicycle repair shop. They designed their own bicycle with custom features like an oil-retaining wheel hub and coaster brakes, things still used today in modern bikes.
The Wright Brothers made life-sized copies of their beloved helicopter toy with the intention of making an aircraft that would hold them both.
They also made gliders of increasing size, which they tested over several years and flights. These glider planes put to test theories about wing-warping. By twisting the wings in different directions, they began to see how an airplane could be controlled.
The Wright flyer 1 as invented in December 1903
On Dec. 17, 1903, the brothers successfully launched the world’s first airplane. The Wright Flyer I. It was made of spruce and had propellers and a specially designed engine cast mainly from lightweight aluminium. It was the first controlled and powered flying machine that could fly with the weight of humans. From this design, the modern airplane was born. The Wright Flyer I cost about $1000 to make.
The Wright Brothers only flew together once (though both piloted the planes individually): on May 25, 1910, they took a six-minute flight piloted by Orville with Wilbur as his passenger. On that same day in May, Orville took his 82-year-old father, Milton, on a seven-minute flight. They flew at a height of about 350 feet. Today, the newest Boeing 787 can fly 10,000 miles on a single tank of gas.